The cosmic waltz of Coma Berenices and Latyshev 2 (Group X). Membership, phase-space structure, mass, and energy distributions

Olivares, J.; Lodieu, N.; Béjar, V. J. S.; Martín, E. L.; Žerjal, M.; Galli, P. A. B.
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Astronomy and Astrophysics

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Context. Open clusters (OCs) are fundamental benchmarks where theories of star formation and stellar evolution can be tested and validated. Coma Berenices (Coma Ber) and Latyshev 2 (Group X) are the second and third OCs closest to the Sun, making them excellent targets to search for low-mass stars and ultra-cool dwarfs. In addition, this pair will experience a flyby in 10-16 Myr, making it a benchmark to test pair interactions of OCs.
Aims: We aim to analyse the membership, luminosity, mass, phase-space (i.e. positions and velocities), and energy distributions for Coma Ber and Latyshev 2 and test the hypothesis of the mixing of their populations at the encounter time.
Methods: We developed a new phase-space membership methodology and applied it to Gaia data. With the recovered members, we inferred the phase-space, luminosity, and mass distributions using publicly available Bayesian inference codes. Then, with a publicly available orbit integration code and members' positions and velocities, we integrated their orbits 20 Myr into the future.
Results: In Coma Ber, we identified 302 candidate members distributed in the core and tidal tails. The tails are dynamically cold and asymmetrically populated. The stellar system called Group X is made of two structures: the disrupted OC Latyshev 2 (186 candidate members) and a loose stellar association called Mecayotl 1 (146 candidate members), and both of them will fly by Coma Ber in 11.3 ± 0.5 Myr and 14.0 ± 0.6 Myr, respectively, and each other in 8.1 ± 1.3 Myr.
Conclusions: We study the dynamical properties of the core and tails of Coma Ber and also confirm the existence of the OC Latyshev 2 and its neighbour stellar association Mecayotl 1. Although these three systems will experience encounters, we find no evidence supporting the mixing of their populations.

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