Detailed study of the microwave emission of the supernova remnant 3C 396

Cruciani, A.; Battistelli, E. S.; Carretti, E.; de Bernardis, P.; Genova-Santos, R.; Masi, S.; Mason, B.; Perera, D.; Piacentini, F.; Reach, B.; Rubino-Martin, J. A.
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Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Volume 459, Issue 4, p.4224-4232

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We have observed the supernova remnant 3C 396 in the microwave region using the Parkes 64-m telescope. Observations have been made at 8.4, 13.5, and 18.6 GHz and in polarization at 21.5 GHz. We have used data from several other observatories, including previously unpublished observations performed by the Green Bank Telescope at 31.2 GHz, to investigate the nature of the microwave emission of 3C 396. Results show a spectral energy distribution dominated by a single component power-law emission with α = (-0.364 ± 0.017). Data do not favour the presence of anomalous microwave emission coming from the source. Polarized emission at 21.5 GHz is consistent with synchrotron-dominated emission. We present microwave maps and correlate them with infrared (IR) maps in order to characterize the interplay between thermal dust and microwave emission. IR versus microwave TT plots reveal poor correlation between mid-IR and microwave emission from the core of the source. On the other hand, a correlation is detected in the tail emission of the outer shell of 3C 396, which could be ascribed to Galactic contamination.