EXPORT: Optical photometry and polarimetry of Vega-type and pre-main sequence stars

Oudmaijer, R. D.; Palacios, J.; Eiroa, C.; Davies, J. K.; de Winter, D.; Ferlet, R.; Garzón, F.; Grady, C. A.; Collier Cameron, A.; Deeg, H. J.; Harris, A. W.; Horne, K.; Merín, B.; Miranda, L. F.; Montesinos, B.; Mora, A.; Penny, A.; Quirrenbach, A.; Rauer, H.; Schneider, J.; Solano, E.; Tsapras, Y.; Wesselius, P. R.
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Astronomy and Astrophysics, v.379, p.564-578 (2001)

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This paper presents optical UBVRI broadband photo-polarimetry of the EXPORT sample obtained at the 2.5 m Nordic Optical Telescope. The database consists of multi-epoch photo-polarimetry of 68 pre-main-sequence and main-sequence stars. An investigation of the polarization variability indicates that 22 objects are variable at the 3sigma level in our data. All these objects are pre-main sequence stars, consisting of both T Tauri and Herbig Ae/Be objects while the main sequence, Vega type and post-T Tauri type objects are not variable. The polarization properties of the variable sources are mostly indicative of the UXOR-type behaviour; the objects show highest polarization when the brightness is at minimum. We add seven new objects to the class of UXOR variables (BH Cep, VX Cas, DK Tau, HK Ori, LkHα 234, KK Oph and RY Ori). The main reason for their discovery is the fact that our data-set is the largest in its kind, indicating that many more young UXOR-type pre-main sequence stars remain to be discovered. The set of Vega-like systems has been investigated for the presence of intrinsic polarization. As they lack variability, this was done using indirect methods, and apart from the known case of BD+31o643, the following stars were found to be strong candidates to exhibit polarization due to the presence of circumstellar disks: 51 Oph, BD+31o643C, HD 58647 and HD 233517. Table A1 is only available in electronic form at the CDS via anonymous ftp to cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr ( or via http://cdsweb.u-strasbg.fr/cgi-bin/qcat?J/A+A/379/564