Hatzes, Artie P.; Gandolfi, Davide; Korth, Judith; Rodler, Florian; Sabotta, Silvia; Esposito, Massimiliano; Barragán, Oscar; Van Eylen, Vincent; Livingston, John H.; Serrano, Luisa Maria; Luque, Rafael; Smith, Alexis M. S.; Redfield, Seth; Persson, Carina M.; Pätzold, Martin; Palle, Enric; Nowak, Grzegorz; Osborne, Hannah L. M.; Narita, Norio; Mathur, Savita; Lam, Kristine W. F.; Kabáth, Petr; Johnson, Marshall C.; Guenther, Eike W.; Grziwa, Sascha; Goffo, Elisa; Fridlund, Malcolm; Endl, Michael; Deeg, Hans J.; Csizmadia, Szilard; Cochran, William D.; González Cuesta, Lucía; Chaturvedi, Priyanka; Carleo, Ilaria; Cabrera, Juan; Beck, Paul G.; Albrecht, Simon
π Men hosts a transiting planet detected by the Transiting Exoplanet Survey Satellite space mission and an outer planet in a 5.7 yr orbit discovered by radial velocity (RV) surveys. We studied this system using new RV measurements taken with the HARPS spectrograph on ESO's 3.6 m telescope, as well as archival data. We constrain the stellar RV semiamplitude due to the transiting planet, π Men c, as K c = 1.21 ± 0.12 m s-1, resulting in a planet mass of M c = 3.63 ± 0.38 M ⊕. A planet radius of R c = 2.145 ± 0.015 R ⊕ yields a bulk density of ρ c = 2.03 ± 0.22 g cm-3. The precisely determined density of this planet and the brightness of the host star make π Men c an excellent laboratory for internal structure and atmospheric characterization studies. Our HARPS RV measurements also reveal compelling evidence for a third body, π Men d, with a minimum mass M d sin i d = 13.38 ± 1.35 M ⊕ orbiting with a period of P orb,d = 125 days on an eccentric orbit (e d = 0.22). A simple dynamical analysis indicates that the orbit of π Men d is stable on timescales of at least 20 Myr. Given the mutual inclination between the outer gaseous giant and the inner rocky planet and the presence of a third body at 125 days, π Men is an important planetary system for dynamical and formation studies.
Helio and Astero-Seismology and Exoplanets Search
The principal objectives of this project are: 1) to study the structure and dynamics of the solar interior, 2) to extend this study to other stars, 3) to search for extrasolar planets using photometric methods (primarily by transits of their host stars) and their characterization (using radial velocity information) and 4) the study of the planetary
Exoplanets and Astrobiology
The search for life in the universe has been driven by recent discoveries of planets around other stars (known as exoplanets), becoming one of the most active fields in modern astrophysics. The growing number of new exoplanets discovered in recent years and the recent advance on the study of their atmospheres are not only providing new valuable