Astronomy and Astrophysics
Aims: We aim to obtain precise mass and radius measurements to confirm the planetary nature of a USP candidate found by the Transiting Exoplanet Survey Satellite (TESS). These parameters can provide insights into the bulk composition of the planet candidate and help to place constraints on its formation history.
Methods: We used TESS light curves and HARPS-N spectrograph radial velocity measurements to establish the physical properties of the transiting exoplanet candidate found around the star HD 20329 (TOI-4524). We performed a joint fit of the light curves and radial velocity time series to measure the mass, radius, and orbital parameters of the candidate.
Results: We confirm and characterize HD 20329b, a USP planet transiting a solar-type star. The host star (HD 20329, V = 8.74 mag, J = 7.5 mag) is characterized by its G5 spectral type with M* = 0.90 ± 0.05 M⊙, R* = 1.13 ± 0.02 R⊙, and Teff = 5596 ± 50 K; it is located at a distance d = 63.68 ± 0.29 pc. By jointly fitting the available TESS transit light curves and follow-up radial velocity measurements, we find an orbital period of 0.9261 ± (0.5 × 10−4) days, a planetary radius of 1.72 ± 0.07 R⊗, and a mass of 7.42 ± 1.09 M⊗, implying a mean density of ρp = 8.06 ± 1.53 g cm−3. HD 20329b joins the ~30 currently known USP planets with radius and Doppler mass measurements. Tables A.1 and A.2 are only available at the CDS via anonymous ftp to cdsarc.cds.unistra.fr (ftp://18.104.22.168) or via https://cdsarc.cds.unistra.fr/viz-bin/cat/J/A+A/668/A158
Low- to intermediate-mass (M < 8 solar masses, Ms) stars represent the majority of stars in the Cosmos. They finish their lives on the Asymptotic Giant Branch (AGB) - just before they form planetary nebulae (PNe) - where they experience complex nucleosynthetic and molecular processes. AGB stars are important contributors to the enrichment of the
The principal objectives of this project are: 1) to study the structure and dynamics of the solar interior, 2) to extend this study to other stars, 3) to search for extrasolar planets using photometric methods (primarily by transits of their host stars) and their characterization (using radial velocity information) and 4) the study of the planetary
The search for life in the universe has been driven by recent discoveries of planets around other stars (known as exoplanets), becoming one of the most active fields in modern astrophysics. The growing number of new exoplanets discovered in recent years and the recent advance on the study of their atmospheres are not only providing new valuable