Soft-state optical spectroscopy of the black hole MAXI J1305-704

Miceli, C.; Mata Sánchez, D.; Anitra, A.; Muñoz-Darias, T.; Di Salvo, T.; Iaria, R.; Marino, A.; Leone, W.; Del Santo, M.; Armas-Padilla, M.; Degenaar, N.; Miller, J. M.; Reynolds, M.
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Astronomy and Astrophysics

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The X-ray dipper MAXI J1305-704 is a dynamically confirmed black hole (BH) X-ray binary discovered a decade ago. While its only outburst has been studied in detail in X-rays, follow-up at other wavelengths has been scarce. We report here the results from an optical spectroscopy campaign across the outburst of MAXI J1305-704. We analysed two epochs of data obtained by the Magellan Clay Telescope during two consecutive nights, when the source was in a soft X-ray spectral state. We identified typical emission lines from outbursting low-mass X-ray binaries, such as the hydrogen Balmer series, He II 4686 Å and the Bowen blend. We focused our analysis on the prominent Hα line, which exhibits asymmetric emission and variable absorption components. We applied both traditional analytical methods and machine-learning techniques in order to explore the association of the absorption features with outflowing phenomena, and we conclude that they are best explained by broad absorption. This result is consistent with reports from other outbursting BHs, where optical outflows have predominantly been observed in the hard state. Further observations at different X-ray states are key to properly test whether this behaviour is universal and to determine the implications for the disc wind physics.